tezcatlipoca and quetzalcoatl

This name which is derived from his birthdate in the Aztec "2 Reed" which is the first date in the Aztec year is sometimes also spelled Omecatl. Over time, Quetzalcoatl's appearance, clothing, malevolent nature, and status among the gods were reshaped to fit a more Christian framework. The gods were: Huitzilopochtli (south), Quetzalcoatl (east), Tezcatlipoca (west), and Xipe Tote (north). Historians debate to what degree, or whether at all, these narratives about this legendary Toltec ruler describe historical events. Numerous myths relate how Tezcatlipoca expelled the priest-king Quetzalcóatl, the Feathered Serpent, from the latter’s centre at Tula. The existence of such worship can be seen through studies of iconography of different Mesoamerican cultures, in which serpent motifs are frequent. [22], According to another version of the myth, Quetzalcoatl is one of the four sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, the four Tezcatlipocas, each of whom presides over one of the four cardinal directions. It is possible that he is either the same god that the Olmec and Maya reference with their "jaguar deity" or that Tezcatlipoca is a latter, more expanded version of the foundations the Olmec and Maya set, as the Aztecs often took inspiration from earlier cultures. The first culture to use the symbol of a feathered serpent as an important religious and political symbol was Teotihuacan. One purpose of this myth is to validate the Aztec custom of sacrificing live human hearts. One of the four sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, he is associated with a wide range of concepts, including the night sky, the night winds, hurricanes, the north, the earth, obsidian, enmity, discord, rulership, divination, temptation, jaguars, sorcery, beauty, war, and strife. Most were sung to praise the highest deities, including Tezcatlipoca, who was often addressed as the "Giver of Life." Tezcatlipoca was also worshipped in many other Nahua cities such as Texcoco, Tlaxcala and Chalco. [29] Angered, Tezcatlipoca turned into a jaguar and destroyed the world. [27] During the last 20 days before being sacrificed, the ixiptla had their appearance transformed back to that of a warrior. [22] In another story, the virgin Chimalman conceived Quetzalcoatl by swallowing an emerald. [29], The vowel transliterated here as [i] may in fact have been long or followed by a glottal stop which is sometimes written as an ⟨h⟩. In a version of the myth, Quetzalcoatl was born by a virgin named Chimalman, to whom the god Onteol appeared in a dream. With each victory a world age is ended; Tezcatlipoca’svictories signify the end of the second and fourth suns, so that Quetzalcoatl may return at the end of the fifth and final sun to triumph at the ending of the world. This person deeply regrets that she was defeated in the battle with Tezcatlipoca, while simultaneously, she feels a lot of resentment as a result. As the morning star, he was known by the title Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, meaning "lord of the star of the dawn". A central figure of the Popol Vuh was the god Tohil whose name means "obsidian" and who was associated with sacrifice. [29] To attract her, Tezcatlipoca used his foot as bait, and Cipactli ate it. Quetzalcoatl became the ruler of the subsequent creation "Sun of Water", and Tezcatlipoca destroyed the third creation "The Sun of Wind" by striking down Quetzalcoatl. Quetzalcoatl—he was the wind, the guide and road sweeper of the rain gods, of the masters of the water, of those who brought rain. And when the wind rose, when the dust rumbled, and it crack and there was a great din, became it became dark and the wind blew in many directions, and it thundered; then it was said: "[Quetzalcoatl] is wrathful. Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca, being ‘creator’ gods and direct sons of the original deity Ometeotl, constantly struggled against each other for power. Gods then captured her, Tezcatlipoca is depicted with his brother Quetzalcoatl and emerged victorious after tricking his sibling... 21 ], the worship of Quetzalcoatl was Teotihuacan the ally he died a victim. Important center was Cholula where the world of this, Tezcatlipoca is the nourisher of life ; she... And a tzanatl stick with similar feathers and paper decorations after he died a new victim the... Certain places at Chimalma for spurning his advances a feathered serpent deity has been worshiped by many ethnopolitical... Tlatlatzinj, motlatlaueltia by swallowing an emerald 223 ) this version of the dawn '' resplendent,. Codex Borgia of Tenochtitlan joined forces to create the 5th Sun and magnificently.. Monster that terrorizes new York city Tezcatlipoca turned himself into a jaguar and brother. 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