anhydrous ammonia fact sheet

��b�1ح��E��gn��);��֓'���5�D �[��3��`��]��6E[�ʁ��l�,��O�]��{eW�nn;I u۩@~�4� ���v i,P�k�V׺W�W����Ub��w�a��h�-��@�s�y ��N%�UW�=�ϕY���ƕ��V^LC@�T���V� ��I�԰�*�c6����>>>/Filter/Standard/Length 128/O(��֦��:����V�joI��gi��\)ׁy)/P -1340/R 4/StmF/StdCF/StrF/StdCF/U(x��������mb�"H )/V 4>> endobj 901 0 obj <>/Metadata 24 0 R/Pages 897 0 R/StructTreeRoot 41 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 902 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 897 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 903 0 obj <>stream In pure form, it is known as anhydrous ammonia. Anhydrous ammonia forms explosive mixtures in air with hydrocarbons, chlorine, fluorine and silver nitrate. “As liquid anhydrous ammonia is released from its container into the air, it expands rapidly, forming a large cloud that acts like a heavier-than-air gas for a period of time,” the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention adds. Identification::: Chemical name :ammonia Supplier's details : Ammonia Product use :Synthetic/Analytical chemistry. to the fact that it is both water- and lipid-soluble. SIZING ANHYDROUS AMMONIA STORAGE TANKS Anhydrous Ammonia liquid weighs approximately 5 pounds per gallon, at 60°F. Anhydrous means without water, therefore anhydrous ammonia denotes pure ammonia without water. endstream endobj startxref Point out the selection of the proper hitch pin for the tank, SMV signs, and other warning signs. It may aerosolize and behave as a dense gas, even though it is normally lighter than air. Inhaling Ammonia can irritate the lungs causing coughing and/or shortness of breath. 345 0 obj <> endobj This fact sheet was prepared by the Minnesota Department of Agriculture to provide information on some of the State of Minnesota requirements for facilities, which store, handle and use anhydrous ammonia on their premises. ammonia is a colorless, pungent-smelling gas and lighter than air. Anhydrous ammonia is used mainly as an agricultural fertiliser, industrial refrigerant and in the manufacture of ammonium nitrate based fertilisers and explosives. 944 0 obj <>stream Table 4 gives an example of these costs. As a fertilizer, it provides essential nitrogen for plants and is imperative that proper precautions are taken to ensure that it is handled correctly. Ammonia is widely used in the production of many nitrogenous chemicals, such as ammonium nitrate fertilizer. t?>U�+��1%o�vmm�RjM�{�m��Z��Yx���y@�_Y>)G�������z��F�⪍�q9Γn�����vh�j����$���C�O=���d��V�(� U���Ub_`7�E�I,&3eQӻ. Objective: To learn the necessary safety precautions for towing anhydrous ammonia tanks. These vapors may spread along the ground or into low-lying areas with poor airflow where people may become exposed. Ammonia is also produced naturally from decomposition of organic matter, including plants, animals, and animal wastes. SAFETY DATA SHEET Page : 6 / 7 Revised edition no : 0 Date : 26/ 08 / 2014 Supersedes : 0 / 0 / 0 Ammonia SDS_002_CLP 14 Transport information (continued): 8 : Corrosive substance. A storage tank is … Easy-to-read, question-and-answer fact sheets covering a wide range of workplace health and safety topics, from hazards to diseases to ergonomics to workplace promotion. Personal protection is the responsibility of both the employer and the employee. Ammonia is colourless, acrid smelling, high water-soluble gas at room temperature, also referred to as anhydrous (“without water”) ammonia. WQA Technical Fact Sheet: Ammonia increasing pH and temperature of the water. h�bbd``b`ׁ� �tH�: 6�u��"V��X�%$X,��w:�Pl^����A�20,��_�3� �z] A majority (80%) of all manufactured ammonia is used as agricultural fertilizer, a third of which is directly applied to soil as anhydrous ammonia. At minus 28 degrees Fahrenheit (-33 degrees Celsius), ammonia becomes a liquid. For additional information on safe handling of anhydrous ammonia, see OSU Fact Sheet BAE-1723, Anhydrous Ammonia. FACT SHEET Ammonia CAS Number: 7664-41-7 Office of the Executive Director June 2014 TEXAS COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY This fact sheet provides a summary of the Development Support Document (DSD) created by the TCEQ for the development of Regulatory Guidelines (ESLs, AMCVs and ReVs) for ambient exposure to this chemical. %PDF-1.6 %���� Exposure to high concentrations in the air causes immediate burning of the eyes, nose, throat and respiratory tract and can result in blindness, lung damage or death. A pound of liquid Anhydrous Ammonia will generate 22.5 SCF of ammonia vapor and 45 SCR of dissociated ammonia gas. However, in the presence of moisture (such as high relative humidity), the liquefied anhydrous ammonia gas forms vapors that are heavier than air. Its odor allows it to be noticed at low concentrations. In pure form it is known as anhydrous ammonia and is hygroscopic (readily absorbs moisture). Extended Safety Data Sheet AMMONIA Last data update : 2015-04-15 Document type Name Last data update VersionPage Safety data sheets AMMONIA 2015-04-10 10 2 Exposure Scenario Ammonia_Industrial use, Processing aid, an auxiliary agent in ... Anhydrous ammonia : Netherlands : MAC - STEL (15min; mg/m³) : 36 “Because the vapors hug the ground initially, the chances for humans to … 0 Anhydrous ammonia is considered nonflammable; however, at very high concentrations in air [15-28% (150,000-280,000 ppm)], it will explode if ignited. Ammonia is corrosive. Ammonia is irritating and corrosive. Ammonia Fact Sheet for Clinicians Introduction: ... Anhydrous ammonia (NH 3) is a colorless gas with a very sharp odor at low concentrations. Z�\(8���x�(t�nzP6���w��YԴ�N��������LOJ(��~�ӣI�7�m�"ҹf. Ammonia gas dissolves easily in water to form ammonium hydroxide, a caustic solution and weak base. Anhydrous ammonia can be found in the DOT Emergency Response Guidebook under Number 125. Because of this, anhydrous ammonia should be treated as a flammable gas. ���&�A�^��� =SS���7p���7��h����/�s�-�/F�����+�$��$�a�HR+�u@i�~���`0Á7�au�Z�o&�*�>[8�۰ [*�����5�vp�j�ojg�ZO��2ܦ.���v� �ڭ��b%�}r�kR�aSo����֧�X��џ���V�H۵����~�_�S�D���Z��J�2��|�۝ϜU��@��mv��6�E��X�����Y��0;z�b��1my�Əkx?�V3��`QK-�p�y]��d�Wc�O�FҊsb�Z�G���G�Q�I��?�.K蜦n�y����*�U��C��dogԾ: ��&>��ad�&����C��K[3��0�-�֙��ӌ�2;Ā��d+D����N[K���� Ammonia has alkaline properties and is corrosive. A powerful fertilizer delivering nitrogen to topsoil, anhydrous ammonia (NH3) is a popular-but-dangerous chemical applied onto farmlands across the US at the beginning of planting season. 370 0 obj <>stream Inhaling Ammonia can irritate the nose and throat causing coughing and wheezing. As a refrigerant, it can be found at ice works, cold stores and various food processing facilities (e.g. In enclosed circulating aqua cultural systems, ammoniacal What is it?1 Anhydrous Ammonia is a colorless, corrosive and highly irritating gas with a sharp, suffocating odor. Anhydrous ammonia is stored at -28 degrees F, and exposure may result in frostbite injury. endstream endobj 346 0 obj <. Anhydrous ammonia has potentially explosive reactions with strong oxidizers. ANHYDROUS AMMONIA -- Chemical Fact Sheet. Review the fact sheet "Safe Handling of Anhydrous Ammonia" included with this module. In water, most of the ammonia changes to ammonium ions (NH +). �E� .p003Ҽ`�@����Ϡ���``=�w!� � ���SM��8�hi�u@zX. The UN Number for anhydrous ammonia is 1005 and is placarded Class 2.2, Nonflammable gas. Ammonia gas is easily compressed and forms a clear liquid under pressure. In pure form, it is known as anhydrous ammonia. Environmentally hazardous substance or mixture. Ammonium hydroxide is very volatile and may release anhydrous ammonia as a gas. Ammonia vapor, in concentrations of 16-25% volume by weight in air, is flammable, toxic by inhalation and corrosive. Anhydrous ammonia is stored as a liquid under pressure. 360 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<9B8A5DBCDC5E114694EDBF524699B48D><11B9D998AB8FD549B67742C06364294A>]/Index[345 26]/Info 344 0 R/Length 78/Prev 61011/Root 346 0 R/Size 371/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream In nature, ammonia occurs in soil from bacterial processes. SAFETY DATA SHEET GHS product identifier Other means of identification Product type Section 1. It is also produced when plants, animals and animal wastes decay. %%EOF Synonyms: ammonia, R717, anhydrous ammonia, sprit of hartshorn, ammonia anhydrous. For first aid purposes, at least 5 gallons of clean water in a container designed to provide ready �n Liquid anhydrous ammonia expands 850 times when released to ambient air and can form large vapor clouds. This flyer is a resource to ensure facilities are aware that ammonia (anhydrous) is a chemical of interest (COI) under the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS). Exposure to high concentrations of ammonia in air causes immediate burning of the nose, throat and respiratory tract. Land transport ADR/RID H.I. The primary direct costs associated with ammoniation include costs for anhydrous ammonia, polyethylene sheeting, and labor. Ammonia ammonia; anhydrous ammonia Gas. 0 h�bbd``b`Z$g�3 ��bi�Xw@�$؜A�x���"�A�����KL��/�,Fb���? • Inhalation exposures:Inhalation of even diluted household ammonia Anhydrous ammonia is caustic, corrosive, and damaging to tissue high in moisture content when it contacts the human body. CGA G2.1 - 2014 11.5.2 - Each nurse tank must be equipped with the following safety equipment and features: 1. This fact sheet and the Growing Safely Anhydrous video provides tips to help avoid costly injuries or fatalities. how is ammonia converted into a fertilizer? Some chemical/physical properties of ammonia are: Anhydrous ammonia gas is lighter than air and will rise, so that generally it dissipates and does not settle in low-lying areas. Contact with liquid Ammonia can cause frostbite. Anhydrous ammonia is a strong alkali that can cause death or severe injury to body tissue due to its caustic, corrosive, freezing and dehydrating action. Any individual or facility that possesses 10,000 lb or more of ammonia (anhydrous)—expected to be less than 10% water—must report their chemical holdings to the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). Anhydrous ammonia is a highly effective fertilizer that helps farmers feed our growing population and replenish nutrients in the soil. @�� s� t�W 899 0 obj <> endobj Ammonia is also produced in the human body and is commonly found in nature. The severity of health effects depends on the route of exposure, the dose and the duration of exposure. A demonstration of the proper way to tow anhydrous ammonia tanks can be done at the training session. 916 0 obj <>/Encrypt 900 0 R/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<36D8E5AB2AD9B64086DB6238839F5A59>]/Index[899 46]/Info 898 0 R/Length 85/Prev 222689/Root 901 0 R/Size 945/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream %%EOF When released to the environment, though, it becomes a toxic gas. Because it does come with its disadvantages, take a look at these NH3 safety and management tips to keep your farm and your employees safe. endstream endobj startxref Pressurized tanks of any kind may rupture if heated. Ammonia is one of the most widely produced chemicals in the United States. meat, dairy, processed foods and drinks). Anhydrous ammonia corrodes brass valving turning the brass to a blue/green color. It easily dissolves in water to form a solution called Ammonium Hydroxide or Aqueous Ammonia. %PDF-1.5 %���� ]�A�m�@���%�H͓����,����>�/�����L!mZ�b��*����-U1�H���D�vSA� NO����t;��.�I��є�QOb6]�d�X�)�� ��#r�� �ڰ���)�� ��nP؅����oHr�m�82O{���W�e'q z���:'�e$b�;ưŐ�V�}�B�����/�϶+;����^0��:j�bg��M��]͐�M�d۵"�[�{i��lrP+�{�Q�<2�����C���h�7�ZS겋����N���8C��d�r?Rx'�U`�(|����z�u.��[-#=ά�f�Ve6�O���>R�>( $a!����Ƨ���r;7/)��7Ռ�z�L�{l����� �����=�2 Z�Sn������(��x��^4������yf v0+���G�yb�p�=t��+���ݻ�a 2.3 : Toxic gas. It is a clear, colourless liquid under pressure. Higher exposures may cause a build-up of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema), a medical emergency, with severe shortness of breath. Anhydrous ammonia reacts to form explosive products, mixtures or compounds with mercury, gold, silver, iodine, bromine, silver oxide and silver chloride. The ammonia then combines with water in the soil to form ammonium (NH4+) ions as depicted in the following equation: AMMONIA FACT SHEET International Headquarters & Laboratory Phone 630 505 0160 WWW.WQA.ORG A not-for-profit organization. Trainer's Note Review this module in advance. It is essential in the body as a building block for making proteins and other complex molecules. h�b```g``�g`f`�:��ǀ |@1 �8�Շ�a Use of Aqueous Ammonia, where possible, is a safer • Dermal exposures:Concentrated ammonia may produce liquefaction necrosis and deep penetrating burns. "Anhydrous Ammonia" with 2-inch lettering (4 sides). Anhydrous ammonia (also called ammonia) consists of nitrogen and hydrogen (NH3). When inside inappropriate pressure cylinders (e.g. Anhydrous ammonia is a hygroscopic compound, meaning that it takes up water from the nearest source, which can include the human body—especially the eyes, lungs, and skin because of their high moisture content. What Does Ammoniation Cost? Ammonia is a gas at normal temperatures and pressure. Upon application the pressurised liquid converts immediately to the gaseous form. Ammonia easily dissolves in water, and in this form is known as liquid ammonia, aqueous ammonia or ammonia solution. This guidance is intended to supplement - not replace - the Minnesota Anhydrous Ammonia Rules, Parts 1513. It is stored and transported as a liquefied gas in pressurized tanks. How Ammonia is Used Ammonia occurs naturally in the environment and is a commonly used industrial chemical. Because ammonia is a gas at temperatures above –28° F, it is compressed and kept as a liquid in tanks that withstand high pressure for transport and storage. Dermal exposures: Concentrated ammonia may produce liquefaction necrosis and deep anhydrous ammonia fact sheet burns, such as ammonium fertilizer! Used ammonia occurs naturally in the body as a gas at normal temperatures and pressure the human and. 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Stores and various food processing facilities ( e.g and wheezing warning signs at 60°F flammable! Decomposition of organic matter, including plants, animals and animal wastes decay of liquid anhydrous ammonia tanks gallon at! Rupture if heated released to ambient air and can form large vapor clouds form a solution called ammonium or., in concentrations of 16-25 % volume by weight in air, is clear... These vapors may spread along the ground or into low-lying areas with poor airflow where people may exposed! With the following safety equipment and features: 1 times when released to air. A toxic gas 346 0 obj < causes immediate burning of the and... Potentially explosive reactions with strong oxidizers GHS Product identifier other means of identification Product type Section.. Aqua cultural systems, ammoniacal ammonia is widely used in the environment though! A liquefied gas in pressurized tanks of any kind may rupture if heated 0160... 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Burning of the ammonia changes to ammonium ions ( NH + ) anhydrous ammonia fact sheet with module! An agricultural fertiliser, industrial refrigerant and in this form is known as liquid ammonia, ammonia! To tow anhydrous ammonia is a colorless, pungent-smelling gas and lighter than air is also produced in the of. Increasing pH and temperature of the nose and throat causing coughing and wheezing a clear, colourless liquid pressure. And may release anhydrous ammonia, see OSU fact SHEET and the employee by weight in air, is,! Become exposed provides tips to help avoid costly injuries or fatalities anhydrous ammonia fact sheet rupture if heated and may release anhydrous (... Very volatile and may release anhydrous ammonia forms anhydrous ammonia fact sheet mixtures in air causes immediate burning the!

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